英语四级六级培训课程

商务英语中易混淆词组概要

时间:2022-5-25 作者:洪恩英语

101. quite, rather

quite完全地,等于completely, rather修饰比较级 quite impossible

102. happy, glad

happy开心,幸福,定表均可,glad开心,只能做表语 a happy girl

103. instead, instead of

instead是副词,放在句首或句末,instead of是介词短语,放在句中He didn‘t see a film. Instead he watched TV. He watched TV instead of seeing a film.

104. too much, much too

too much 后接不可数名词,much too后接形容词 much too heavy

105. be about to, be going to, be to do

be about to表近期的以后,后面不接时间状语,be going to 侧重计划,想法,be to do侧重意志,计划,安排I’m to meet him.(含双方事先约好的意思)

106. raise, rise

raise及物动词,rise不及物动词 The sun rises in the east.

107. bring, take, carry, fetch

bring拿来,take带走,carry随身携带,fetch去回这一往返动作 fetch a box of chalk

108. spend, take, pay, cosplayt

spend人做主语,烧钱,花时间; spend…on sth./in doing sth; take物做主语,花时间; pay人做主语,烧钱,pay for; cosplayt物做主语,烧钱

109. join, join in, take part in

join加入某个组织,并成为其中的一员;join in参加小型的活动, join sb. in;take part in 参加强型的活动 He joined the army five years ago.

110. learn, study

learn学习,侧重学习的结果,study学习,侧重学习的过程,研究

study the problem

111. want, hope, wish

want计划,想要,want to do, want sb. to do, hope期望(一般可以达成),hope to do/ hope that… wish期望(一般不可以达成)wish (sb.) to do, wish sb/sth. + n. I wish you success.

112. discover, invent, find out

discover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西,invent创造本来没有的物体,find out发现,查明 At last he found out the truth.

113. answer, reply

answer及物动词,reply不及物动词,后接 to reply to the letter

114. leave, leave for

leave离开,leave for前往 He left Beijing for Shanghai.

115. rob, steal

rob打劫 rob sb. of sth.,steal偷 steal sth. from sb.

116. shoot, shoot at

shoot射死,shoot at瞄准,但不肯定射中 He shot the bird and it died.

117. drop, fall

drop及物不及物均可,fall不及物动词 Prices fell/dropped. He dropped his voice.

118. search, search for

search后接地址,search for后接东西 He searched his pocket for money.

119. used to, be used to

used to过去常常,be used to习惯于,后接sth./doing sth.;被用来,后接 do sth. He is used to getting up early.

120. win, lose, beat

win后接sth.,反义词为lose, beat后接sb. win the game, beat them

121. live on, live by

live on以…为主食,live by靠…谋生 live on fish/ live by fishing

122. beat, hit, strike

beat连续性地击打;hit打中,对准打;strike打一下或若干下 beat the wings

123. meet, meet with

meet遇见,meet with体验到,遭遇见 meet with an accident

124. lose, miss

lose失去(具体的物体),错过 sth. is lost, lose the chance;miss 想念,错过sth. is missing, miss the chance

125. be tired of, be tired with/from

be tired of厌烦…,be tired with/from由于…而累了 be tired with/from running 800 meters

126. care about, care for

care about关心,计较,在乎,通常多用于否定句中;care for关心,照料,喜欢,想 He doesn‘t care about his clothes. I don’t care for movies.

127. catch a cold, have a cold

catch a cold不可以和表示“一段时间”的状语连用,而have a cold可以

She has had a cold for a week.

128. change for, change into

change for调换成,change into变成 Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice.

129. continue, last

二者均为持续,continue主动,被动均可,last只可以用主动 The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued.

130. feed, raise

feed喂养,养活,饲养 (to give food to), raise饲养,养育 (cause to grow, bring up children) raise the family

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