英语四级六级培训课程

2012年金融英语考试阅读辅导:票据的交换

时间:2022-5-27 作者:天学网

金融英语阅读:票据交换

Every bank must make payment for checks(notes) drawn on funds deposited with it. And every bank must collect payment for checks(notes) deposited with it but drawn on other banks. This is why the checks(notes) clearing becomes necessary.

每家银行需要对本行为付款人的支票(票据)进行支付,还需要对其他行为付款人的支票(票据)收取款项。这就是为什么需要进行票据交换是什么原因。

Checks(notes) Clearing is regarded as an economic operation of clearing funds which are resulted from the checks(notes),deposited with but drawn on each other among the banks in the same city through the clearing house.

支票(票据)是同一城市中各银行相互贷收、代付的票据,通过交换所进行交换并清算资金的一种经济活动。

The clearing process is as follows: every bank should send the checks(notes) deposited with it but drawn on other banks to the clearing house at a specific time. After offsetting the amount of checks(notes) receivable and that of checks(notes) payable, the banks which have favorable balances will increase their deposits in the People’s Bank Of China. On the contrary, the banks which have adverse balances will decrease their deposits in the People’s Bank of China.

票据交换的过程如下:每家银行在一规定的时间把代收代付的(支票)票据送到交换所,将应收票据和应对票据的金额抵消将来,有顺差的银行将在人民银行的竞价推广账户内增加存款。相反,有逆差的银行将在人民银行的竞价推广账户内降低存款。

Every check(note) sent to the clearing house has a receiving bank and a paying bank. The amount of checks(notes) receivable is, of course, equivalent to that of checks(notes) payable. Therefore, at every time of clearing, the total amounts on both sides of the clearing house’s balance sheet are always equal.

送到交换所进行交换的每张支票(票据)都有收款行和付款行。当然,应收入支出票(票据)金额与应对支票(票据)金额相等。所以,在每次交换时,票据交换所资金平衡表两边的总金额一直相等的。

With the development of computer technology, the clearing houses in some countries have introduced computers to deal with(notes)clearing. It not only saves a great deal of labor, time, and expenses, but also shortens the process of clearing funds and speeds up the circulation of money.

伴随计算机技术的进步,一些国家的票据交换所引进计算机来处置票据交换,这不只节省了很多的劳动、时间,与成本,而且缩短了清算资金的时间,加快了货币流通。

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