英语四级六级培训课程

代词的使用方法

时间:2022-6-13 作者:学乐网

It的使用方法

1.作人称代词

John likes playing Pingpong./ He always does it in the afternoon.(指代上下文提到的事物);/It’s time we went home. / How far is it from here to your home ? / It is getting warmer and warmer./ It’s very quiet at the moment.(可指时间、天气、环境等)

2.引导词

A.作形式主语,代替由不定式、动名词或从句表示的真的主语。

It’s important for us to learn a second language./ It’s no use talking to him./ It’s known to all that the earth goes round the sun.

B.作形式宾语,代替由不定式、动名词或从句表示的真的宾语。

We feel it our duty to help others./ He made it clear that he would leave the city.

C.强调结构:It is (was) +被强调部分+that (或who)…

注意:在强调结构中,如被强调部分为时间状语或地址状语,其后的连接词也绝不可以为when 或where,而应用that 。在复习中,必须要注意句式的不同。

It was in Shanghai that I bought the guitar.(that引起强调句)

It was Shanghai where I bought the guitar.(where引起定从)

It was twelve o’clock when we arrived there.(when引起时间状语从句)

It was at twelve o’clock that we arrived there.(that 引起强调句)

3. it,one,that 有什么区别:作为代词,这三个词的对比用是高考考试的热门之一。

—Why don’t we take a little break? —Didn’t we just have __________?

A.it B.that C.one D.this

The Parkers bought a new house but _________will need a lot of work before they can move in.

A.they B.it C.one D.which

one 用以指代相同种类事物中的任一,that 特指性强,指代可数与不可数词,而it指代上文提过的同一事物。

不定代词

不定代词类型较多,使用方法各异,在用中必须要注意不同。

1、both,either ,neither 都表两者范围,在句中作主语、宾语、定语 ,both可用作同位语。both 意为"两者都",either 表"两者中任一个",neither表"两者都不"。

2、any,none ,all 表三者或三者以上范围,any 表任何一个、一些(不可数或复数定义,用于否定句、疑问句或条件从句中);none 表三者或三者以上中的哪全部都不;表示不可数物中的一点儿也没;all 整个的;所有些(三者或三者以上);所有些(不可数)。

e.g.This book is a good seller,so you can buy it at any shop in Beijing./ None of us are/is perfect./ All of the village was flooded.

3、no one,nobody,none,nothing:no one,nobody表无人,nothing 指没啥事物,none 兼指人和物。none 着眼于数目定义。"特指的人或物一个也没,一点儿也没"。

—How many people are there in the hall ? —None.

—who wants to go with him ? —No one(Nobody).

—What can you see in the bottle ?—Nothing.

—Is there any water in it ?—None.

4、another,the other,the other+复数名词(或the others),other (或other +复数名词):another 表三者或三者以上范畴中的任一;与数词连用,表"再有";the other 表两者中的另外那个,特指;the other+复数名词(或the others),另外那些,表示其余所有些人或物,用于特指;others (或other+复数名词)另一些,表剩下人或物中的另一些,泛指。

—I don’t like this,show me another one.

If you want to change for a double room you’ll have to pay_______$15.

A.another B.other C.more D.Each (A)

人称、物主、反身、指示代词

高考考试重点需要

1.学会人称代词、物主代词、疑问代词、反身代词、指示代词的基本使用方法。2.重点学会不定代词的指代含义及数的状况,能通过语境准确选取答案。3.学会it的基本使用方法。

一.人称代词

1)分清主格和宾格形式。

eg:—I love you more than her,child ./ —You mean more than ___love her or more than she loves____?

A. you;me B.I;you C.you;you D.I;me

2)注意约定俗成的使用方法。

—Who is it ? —It’s me .—I’d like to have a rest .—Me,too.

3)用we 和you 泛指普通人

4)用she代表国家、船只、月亮、大地等

China is a great country.She has a long history.

5)并列主语或宾语中顺序是:you,he(she) and I; we,you and they

二.物主代词:名词性物主代词――在句中做主语、宾语、表语、补足语,构成双重所有格:a friend of mine 。形容词性物主代词――只能起定语用途。

三.反身代词

1) 在句中作宾语、表语和同位语;2)单复数的确定;3)在一些语境中的特殊含义。

e.g. I’m not quite myself today.我今天不大舒服。/ Make yourself at home.不要拘礼;请随便吧。 / Don’t get nervous,help yourself to what you like.别紧张,喜欢吃那些就吃那些。/ Have you enjoyed yourself today? 你今天玩得愉快吗?

四.指示代词

(一)this,that,these those

1.在句子中作主语、宾语、表语和定语。

2.this(these)通常指时间和空间上较近的人或物,而that (those)常指时间和空间上较远的人或物。e.g. This is a novel and that is a magazine.

3.this(these)通常指后面要讲到的事物,而that(those)常指前面讲到的事物。e.g. What he told me is this:he wanted to go to Beijing./ He didn’t come.That is why he didn’t know.

4.that,those 常用来指代前面提到过的某个名词。e.g. The oil output in 1998 was higher than that of 1995.( that 代替oil output) / The cars made in Japan are better than those in Germany.

(二)such

such引起倒装句,谓语数取决于后面主语的数:e.g Such is my answer./ Such are our people.

做定语,注意和so 有什么区别,特别是在so …that, such…that 句型中。e.g. I have never seen such beautiful flowers.(复数名词前,so 不可) / I have never seen such a great film.(也可为so great a film) / We have such beautiful weather today that we should go out for an outing.(不可数词前,不可用so) / There are so many people in the hall that it’s hard for me to find him.(在数目定义的many,much,little,few 之前,不可用such )

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