英语四级六级培训课程

托福阅读中的逻辑关系

时间:2022-4-29 作者:大耳朵英语学习网

托福阅读文章的长度在700字左右,将这类词语训练起来的强大内在逻辑使得大家可以剖析出什么内容是重点的引领性的内容,什么又是无关紧要的可以不需要费时的内容。但假如没英语逻辑的基础,不熟知托福阅读中的逻辑关系,大伙非常难依据逻辑来作以上的判断。下面我们为考生带来托福阅读中的逻辑关系,期望可以帮到大伙。

1.托福逻辑关系(否定)

明显的否定关系特点词语

–no, not, none, neither, never, deny等

隐含的否定关系特点词语

— fail to, absence from, lack(of), refuse to, little, few

I write to my parents every month.

I never fail to write to my parents every month.

He is little known as an artist.

He is not a famous artist

否定后缀

应该注意的三个否定后缀:

-less、-free、-proof

hatless: not wearing a hat

salt-free: without salt

a bulletproof car: a car designed not to be harmed by bullets

2.托福逻辑关系(因果)

because(of), since, for, as, due to, owing to, In that, so(that), therefore, thus, hence, as a result, consequently…

We didn’t know what to do as we were just visiting there.

The delay is owing to the crowded traffic.

This book is different from that book in that this one is about chemistry and that one about history.

3.托福逻辑关系(隐藏)

(1)、表示“致使”的词

cause, lead to, make,render, stimulate, spur, spark, push, motivate, prompt, be responsible to

Too much work and too little rest often lead to illness.

Your action has rendered our contract invalid.

(2)、表示“由…而来”的词

derive from, result from, come from, originate from, initiate from,

His illness resulted from bad food.

4.托福逻辑关系(比较——隐藏)

a.自己含有最高级含义的词;

maximum, favorite, outstanding, TOP…

-The maximum speed of this car is 150 miles per hour

b.比较级表示最高级

I’ve never heard a better voice.

China is larger than any of the other countries in Asia.

George did more work than anyone else

I like nothing better than swimming.

5.托福逻辑关系(条件)

表示条件定义的词:

if, unless, supposing (that), suppose (that), providing / provided (that), in case, as long as, on condition that

1) In case the house burns down, we’ll get the insurance money.

2) You can go out, as long as you promise to be back before 11 o’clock.

3) You can borrow the book, on condition that you don’t lend it to anyone else.

6.托福逻辑关系(并列或转折)

1. 表示并列关系

likewise,in (much) the same way,similarly/similar to,vice versa,also/as well as,not only … but also …,both … and …, neither … nor …, like/just like, equally,or/and

2.表示转折关系

but/yet, however, in contrast (to), conversely, though/although, nevertheless, in spite of/despite, on the contrary, even if/even though, instead (of), different from/differ from, while

以上就是我们为考生带来的托福阅读中的逻辑关系,逻辑关系不只在文章中可以帮大家判断内容之间的训练,还能在托福阅读的题目解答中帮大家判断。预祝大伙托福考试获得好成绩!

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