英语四级六级培训课程

提升学习效率?切记4条铁律!

时间:2022-4-30 作者:旺旺英语网

Not taking breaks

忌持续作战不休息

Talking amongst friends about how much you studied for your upcoming assessment can often spur a panic attack. If the number of hours which they studied for far exceeds yours, feelings of inadequacy can stir within, as you question how sufficient your preparation really was. If so and so studied for x number of hours more than me, that must obviously mean they studied better than me, right? Wrong. Study sessions that go beyond 7 hours more often than not point to a breach of the first cardinal rule of revising: take frequent breaks. Without breaks, the point where none of the content is actually sinking in will always arise. Sure, you may have been reading for 10 hours straight, but can you actually remember what you read 6 hours ago? In fact, psychologists now believe that the time that you spend between sessions is key to remembering that all-important information: the longer, the better!

跟小伙伴们交流复习进度常常会让自己心慌。假如他们复习的时间远比你多,你就会质疑我们的筹备是不是真的充分,从而产生焦虑感。假如哪个哪个比我多学了几个小时,显然肯定意味着他们的常识学会得比我到位,对吗?非也。持续学习7小时以上一般违背了复习的最重要原则:常休息。假如中途不休息,总会出现饱和期,期间你已没办法再消化任何要点。当然,你可能已经看书看了连续10小时,但你真的记得住你6小时前看的内容吗?事实上,现在心理学家觉得,你花费在几个学习时段间隙的时间对记忆所有重点常识非常重要:时间越长越好!

Getting distracted too easily

忌随便开小差

Whether it be our iPhones, our tablets or PCs – we are all guilty of being glued to a digital device of some sort. In fact, there is a palpable emptiness that we feel with the absence of the ‘ting tings’ of our phones and the sounds of the TV making its way around the house. However, though this may prove to be the hardest thing to do, getting rid of all the technological distractions is definitely the most effective way of studying. Social media is a particular problem: a recent study has shown that belonging to a social network may increase stress by around 15%!

无论是大家的智能手机,平板还是电脑——大家都对自己沉迷于某种电子商品而心怀愧疚。事实上,假如大家的手机不响,屋里的电视不开,大家总会产生明显的空虚感。然而,尽管可能最难达成,但排除所有电子设施的干扰肯定是学习效率最高的方法。社交媒体的干扰性最大:近期研究表明,假如用社交互联网,人的重压或许会增加15%左右。

Cutting back on sleep

忌占用睡眠时间

The days leading up to an assessment are often extremely stressful. You might think that constant revision right up until your exam is the task that needs your utmost attention; however, there’s something far more important. Multiple sources quote 8 – 8.5 hours of sleep per night as the ideal number of sleep hours for adults. These hours are even more crucial when high levels of concentration are required of you. This is because sleep deprivation can seriously impair your sense of judgement and decrease your reaction times. Therefore, even though you may think that revising your notes from the break of dawn until the night sky is brightly lit is what needs to be prioritised, you should remember that you cannot function at your best without a good, balanced night’s sleep. This is a real problem beyond the sphere of exams: according to a study at Harvard University, sleep deprivation cosplayts the American economy $63.2bn a year.

评测前的日子一般都是重压山大的。你可能感觉考试前夕马不停蹄地复习才是王道;但其实有件事比这更要紧。不少研究表明,成年人每晚理想的睡眠时间为8至8.5小时。在你应该注意力高度集中的时候,这类充足的睡眠非常重要。由于缺少睡眠会干扰你的判断力,降低你的反应时间。因此,即便你可能觉得从清晨到深夜全天候复习笔记是你的最重要任务,你还是应该记住,假如没平衡好充足的睡眠,你就不可能找到最好状况。这是超出考试范畴的实质问题:依据哈佛大学的一项研究,缺少睡眠致使美国经济每年损失632亿USD。

Leaving it all to the last minute

忌纯靠考试前抱佛脚

The human brain is, by far, the most fascinating body part: the amount of information it can hold is truly amazing. However, this does not mean that it is an unlimited storage centre without any constraints. Though cramming information is very effective for some, feeding your brain too much information at the last minute can cause your brain – like a computer – to overheat, resulting in only parts of the content consolidating in your head. Some interesting stats for you: the human short-term memory can only hold between 7-9 facts, and even those typically tend to decay after 30 seconds. Even if you do manage to turn some of your last-minute cramming into more durable memories, your chances here don’t look great! Once you’ve got your exam/test date, you should be aiming to give yourself at least a month’s worth of revision in the run up. Remember to take breaks, give yourself plenty of sleep, and keep those phones tucked away!

人类的大脑是现在为止最引人注目的身体部位:大脑可以容纳的信息量着实惊人。然而,这并不意味着大脑就是个没制约条件、有无限容量的储存中心。尽管填鸭式地吸收信息对有的人来讲非常有效,但临考试前在你大脑中一下子塞太多信息或许会使你的大脑——跟电脑一样——过热,致使你只对某一部分要点有印象。给你看一组有趣的数据:人类的短期记忆仅能支持7到9个事实,而就这几个事实可能在30秒将来也会从记忆中消失。即便你成功地将最后关头记忆的要点转化为更长期的记忆,状况也不容乐观!一旦你获知了你的测试日期,你就应该给自己计划一个月以上的复习时间。切记,复习期间常休息,有充足的睡眠,还有,收好你的手机!

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