英语四级六级培训课程

托福阅读中表示逻辑关系的词

时间:2022-4-30 作者:阿卡索外教网

英语句子的理解有时候是要去理解其逻辑关系的,容易见到的逻辑关系有并列,比较,因果,递进,转折等等。句子内有这类逻辑关系,句子和句子之间也有这类逻辑关系,如此才能理清整篇文章的脉络,去完成比如句子简化,插入句子这种题型。新东方网托福频道为大伙带来托福阅读中的逻辑关系词,期望大伙可以将托福阅读逻辑关系词牢记在心。

1.因果(明显)

表示明显因果关系的词语:

Therefore, due to, as, for, thus, hence, consequently, because (of), owing to, so (that), as a result, since…

2.因果(暗含)

2.1表示“由……而来”的词

Come from, result from, initiate from, derive from, originate from…

2.2表示“致使”的词

Spark, prompt, be responsible to, stimulate, cause, make, render, spur, push, motivate,lead to, result in +结果, due to, thanks to,

2.3 其他

in that , now that, , in order that, on account of

3.转折与并列

3.1表示转折关系

In contrast (to), while, whereas,nevertheless, in spite of/despite, even if/even though, instead (of), but/yet, conversely, on the contrary, contrary to,different from/differ from, however, rather than, unlike, in fact, actually弱转

3.2表示并列关系

Or/and, vice versa, also/as well as, both…and…, either…or…, neither…nor…, in (the) the same way, equally, similarly/similar to, like/just like, likewise(同样的), while(同时), meanwhile(同时), not only…but also… , more…than

4.让步

although,though, even though(if), even, despite, in spite of, nevertheless, anyway, as while(虽然,尽管,即便),still(尽管这样)

5.总分(举例&概要)

5.1举例:for example, for instance,such as, including

5.2概要:in sum, in general, overall, to sum up, on the whole, generally

6. 递进

still, also, indeed, furthermore(进一步), moreover(而且,除此之外), even(甚至,更),besides, additionally, in addition, what’s more

7. 条件

表示条件定义的词:

If, supposing (that), providing / provided (that), as(so) long as, in case(if), on condition that…, unless, suppose (that), only if, when

8.比较结构(隐藏)

8.1比较级表示最高级

8.2自己含有最高级含义的词

Top, favorite, outstanding, maximum…

9.否定

9.1明显的否定关系词语:No, not, never, deny, none, neither…

9.2暗含的否定关系词语:little, few, fail to, absence from, lack (of), refuse to…

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