时间:2022-5-2 作者:淘学网

As this image gets larger, what do you see?


Most people will pick out a phantom-like picture of Albert Einstein. But if you see a Hollywood pin-up, you may need a trip to the opticians.


At normal viewing distance, healthy eyes should be able to pick up the fine lines on Einstein’s face, causing the brain to disregard Marilyn Monroe’s image altogether.


This classic optical illusion was created several years ago by neuroscientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.



In a recent video, Asap Science highlighted the process behind the trick, which can also be seen in a still image by anyone if they move closer and then farther away from the screen.

在近期的视频中,YouTube科普大神Asap Science揭露了这个视错觉背后的操作过程,只须察看者调整自己与屏幕的距离,那样每一个人都能从一幅静态图片中察看到图片的变化。

‘Depending on how well you’re able to focus or pick up contrast, your eye will only pick out details,’ the video explains. 视频中如此讲解道:“这都取决于你的聚焦能力和辨别对比度的能力,你的双眼只能关注细节。”

‘Up close, we’re generally able to pick up fine details like Einstein’s moustache and wrinkles.


‘But as the distance increases, or if your vision is poor and creates a more blurred image in the first place, your ability to pick up details fades away.


‘Instead you only see general features, like the shape of mouth, nose and hair, and are left seeing Marilyn Monroe. ‘


The MIT team, led by Dr Aude Oliva, has spent over a decade creating hybrid optical illusions that show how images can be hidden with textures, words and other objects.


‘Marilyn Einstein’ was created by superimposing a blurry picture of Marilyn Monroe over a picture of Albert Einstein drawn in fine lines.


Features with a high spatial frequency are only visible when viewing them close up, and those with low spatial frequencies are only visible at a distance.


Combining pictures of the two produces a single image which changes when the viewer moves closer or farther away from the screen.


Dr Oliva’s group say these images not only reveal vision problems, but can also highlight how the brain processes information.


In one study, participants were shown hybrid images for just of 30 milliseconds, and only recognised the low spatial resolution, or blurry, component of the image.


But when the images were shown for 150 milliseconds, they only recognised the image that was produced in fine detail, or in high spatial resolution.


In a separate test, they were shown sad faces in high spatial resolution and angry faces in low spatial resolution. They superimposed pictures used both male and female faces.


When displayed for 50 milliseconds, participants always saw an angry face, but were unable to pinpoint the sex of the person pictured.


Dr Oliva says this shows that our brains discriminate between picking out fine detail in some situations, and broader detail in others.


The brain’s processing of fine details happens slightly later than processing other features, according to the research.


The teams believe hybrid images such as this may prove useful to advertisers who want to change how their logos appear at different distances.


It could also be used to mask text on devices so only someone viewing close up can read it. 同时,大家还可以用这种技术来掩饰仪器上的文本信息,只有当大家近距离查询时才能看到其中的内容。


pin-up: 女明星

optical illusion: 视错觉

superimpose: 使(图像)叠加

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