英语四级六级培训课程

可以助你过滤粗话的app

时间:2022-5-2 作者:英学网

According to a new Android and iOS e-reader app, the definition of "strong language" is somewhat broad. Clean Reader, developed by husband and wife team Jared and Kirsten Maughan after their teenage daughter expressed dismay over some cuss words in a book she read, is designed to keep users who hate naughty words from having to see them. Its tag line: "Read books, not profanity."

新研发出的一款同时适用于Android和iOS系统的电子阅读应用程序对“冒犯语言”的概念比较宽泛。该应用叫Clean Reader是由贾里德和克里斯汀?莫恩夫妇两个研发的。他们的女儿看书时被书中的脏话困扰,于是他们就设计了此应用,目的在于让用户防止看到那些污秽的词汇。他们的口号:“念书,不读污。”

How it works is that you load your ebook into the app via iTunes; you can then select one of three filter levels, from mild censorship to the full monty; and the app does a find-and-replace using a database of offensive words selected by the Maughans, replacing them with "clean" versions.

你可以通过iTunes将你的电子书加载到该应用程序,然后可以从从适度审查到全部审查的三个过滤级别中选择一个,该程序运用查找和替换功能,借用莫恩事先设定的一个”冒犯”词语数据库,从文中找出污秽词语之后用文明的词语来代替。

可以助你过滤粗话的app

For example, body parts in the genital region of women are all turned into "bottom"; the f-bomb becomes "freak"; "breast" becomes "chest", which at least is relatively analogous; "Jesus" becomes "gee" (which is actually a euphemistic corruption of "Jesus"); "Oh my God" becomes "Oh my goodness"; "whore" becomes "hussy"; "bitch" becomes "witch" (which could get somewhat confusing if the book actually discusses dogs).

比如,女人生殖器官有关的身体部位全被替换为“下部”,f打头的那个四字词被替换为“怪物”(freak),“胸部”替换为“乳房”,至少如此的替换还算是一个类别的;“Jesus”替换成了“gee”(这个词其实也是委婉指耶稣的简称形式),“哦,我的上帝(Oh my God)”替换成“哦我的天啊(Oh my goodness)”;“妓女”替换为“轻佻的女子(hussy)”;“婊子”替换为“女巫”(假如这本书是关于狗的,如此的替换会被人不解)。

This has the potential for some interesting mishaps; GLBT News, for instance, reports a character named "Dick" being converted to "groin." More importantly, however, authors are incensed that the app changes their work without their consent.

这种替换方法一定会引发一些被人啼笑皆非的笑话,譬如,依据GLBT新闻报道,有一本书中名叫“迪克”的角色全部被替换为“腹股沟(groin)”。更紧急的是,一些作家由于此应用在未经他们赞同的状况下,替换他们的作品内容而感到恼火。

As "Chocolat" author Joanne Harris pointed out on her blog, the issue is not necessarily one of vocabulary, but censorship.

《浓情巧克力》的作者乔安娜·哈里斯在她的博客上指出,这并不仅仅是词语的问题,而是审查规范的问题。

"Most writers think very hard about the kind of language they use. Some of us are well-nigh obsessive about our choice of words — and those of us who are published in theUSoften have to fight to retain our British spellings and vocabulary," she wrote. "We do this because we care about books. We care about language. And if we use profanity (which sometimes, we do) it is always for a reason."

她在博客中写道,“大多数作家非常重视语言风格的用,一些作家对词语的选择几乎到了着迷的程度,那些在美国发表的作品,大家还要努力争取保留书中的英式英语拼写和词语。大家如此做是由于大家在乎大家的作品,在乎大家用的语言,假如大家用粗鲁的词语(有时大家会用),也是出于大家的特定理由。

Moreover, the censorship imposed by Clean Reader is subjective, based on a good-and-bad value judgement decided by the Maughans — although the Clean Reader website also does ask readers to suggest words they’d like to see filtered if the app does not already do so.

除此之外,“清洗读者”应用软件所做的审查是主观的,它仅仅基于莫恩设定的一个好坏价值评判标准——虽然清洗读者网站期望读者提交他们期望过滤但该应用还没过滤的词语。

"It’s clear from the list of words you consider ‘profane’ that this app is designed to impose a Christian agenda on books," Harris wrote in an open letter to Clean Reader. "This is insulting to non-Christians. The pejorative use of the word ‘witch’ as a substitute for ‘bitch’ is offensive to pagans, and illustrates your religious bias."

哈里斯在给“清洗读者”的一封公开信中写道,“从你们认定为‘不敬’的词语列表中明显能看出此应用程序是把基督教的需要强加到了书本上。这对非基督徒是一种冒犯。把witch(女巫)这个词用来替换贬损意味的bitch一词,这是对异教徒的冒犯,同时也表明了你的宗教偏见。”

She also points out that, if the idea is supposed to benefit young readers, it fails dismally; calling every part of a woman’s reproductive anatomy a "bottom", for example, could be very confusing to a child, and is therefore counter-productive.

她还指出,假如这个想法是为了让年青读者受益,那样它败得非常惨。 将女人的所有些生殖器官部分都称为“底部”, 会使小孩很困惑,所以如此的做法会事与愿违。

The Clean Reader team is adamant, however that the app is not only not doing anything wrong — it is, they claim, perfectly legal, since they app does not change the epub source file, but merely how it is displayed on the screen — but that authors who are unhappy with the alteration of their work should defer to anyone who spends money on that book, comparing the app to the optional profanity beeping on NPR podcasts.

然而,清洗读者团队则固执地觉得,这个应用程序不只没做错什么事情——而且是完全合法的,由于他们的应用不会改变电子书的源文件,而只是对其显示在屏幕上的样式做了改变,就跟NPR播客上用哔哔声代替一些不雅词语一样。他们还指出,那些对改变自己作品不认可的作家应尊重烧钱购买自己作品的读者。

"Some people like the impact certain words have on the narrative, dialogue, or setting of a book. Other people are indifferent to it. And some are offended by it… Yes the author/artist felt specific swear words worked best for their work of art, but for some of their audience these same words are what detract from the book," the Clean Reader team wrote on its blog.

清洗读者团队在博客上写道:”有的人喜欢某些词汇对故事,对话,或故事背景产生的影响,但别的人并不在乎,还有一些人因此遭到冒犯……确实一些作家/艺术家觉得特定的脏话可以对作品产生最好的成效,但对于他们的一些读者来讲,这类词汇会使作品失色。”

"So will some authors be offended that some of their consumers use Clean Reader to pick out most of the profanity in their books? Perhaps. Should the reader feel bad about it? Nope. They’ve paid good money for the book, they can consume it how they want."

“所以一些作家会由于读者购买用“清洗读者”应用把他们作品中大多数粗鲁的词语挑出来而生气吗?或许吧,读者应该对此有愧疚感吗?不。他们已经烧钱购买了这本书本,他们就可以按自己喜欢的方法用它。"

The good news for authors is that the money users pay for these ebooks is no longer going to Clean Reader. Inktera, the platform through which Clean Reader was selling ebooks (and making a percentage of sales), has withdrawn from the app.

对作家们来讲,好消息是清洗读者应用不会拿到读者购买电子书的一分钱,“清洗读者”用以供应电子书的Inktera平台对其下架。

Sci-fi author Chuck Wendig also had this to say to readers who would prefer to read a censored version of his work:

科幻作家查克·温迪科对那些喜欢读过滤版作品的读者有话说。

"You may say, ‘But I want to read your books, just without all that nasty business.’ To which I say, ‘then I don’t want you reading my books. Nothing personal, but I wrote the thing the way I wrote the thing. If that troubles you, then I don’t want you reading it.’"

“有人或许会说,‘我想读你的作品,但不想要那些粗俗语言’,对此我的回答是“那我不想叫你读我的书。不是针对其他人,我只不过按我的方法写我的书。假如你感觉如此会冒犯你,那样我期望你不要读它。”

Vocabulary

dismay:使惊愕

cuss:粗话

profanity:亵渎

full monty:一整套

pagan:非基督教徒

adamant:坚决的

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