英语四级六级培训课程

菜鸟学习英语:enquire & inquire词语辨析

时间:2022-5-2 作者:速学网

The traditional distinction between the verbs enquire and inquire is that enquire is to be used for general senses of ‘ask’, while inquire is reserved for uses meaning ‘make a formal investigation’.

Enquire和inquire这两个动词传统意义上有什么区别在于:Enquire的通常意义为“询问”,Inquire的意思为“做正式的调查”。

表示“询问”时:

In practice, however, enquire, and the associated noun enquiry, are more common in British English while inquire (and the noun inquiry) are more common in American English, but otherwise there is little discernible distinction in the way the words are used. Some style guides require that only inquire or only enquire be used.

事实上,enquire和它的名词形式enquiry在英式英语中更常用,而inquire和其名词形式inquiry在美式英语中更为容易见到。这两个单词在用方法上并无其他明显的差别。在一些特殊场所中会需要只用inquire或者enquire。

Could I enquire about your mother’s health?

我可以询问下你妈妈的健康情况么?

She inquired about the library’s rare books collection.

她调查了图书馆稀少的藏书。

Every enquiry is very welcome.

欢迎每条咨询。

Adam helped the police with their inquiries.

亚当帮助警方进行调查。

Both words derive from the Old French enquerre, from a variant of the Latin inquirere, based on quaerere ‘seek’. The same root word can be seen in various modern English words, including acquire, require, conquer, quest, request, inquest, and question.

这两个单词均来源于法语词语enquerre,源自一个拉丁词语inquirere的变种,基于词语quaerere(寻求)。现代英语词语的不少单词均源自这个词语,包含acquire(获得),require(需要),conquer(征服),quest(追求),request(需要),inquest(审讯),和question(问题)。

小测验:选择最好选项

1. Do you mind me to ____ about your salary?

inquire enquire

2. The police are ____ into the accident.

inquire enquire

答案:1. inquire/enquire 2. inquire

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