英语四级六级培训课程

收留健康中国小孩变难了

时间:2022-5-4 作者:英语批改网

Most adoptions from China now special-needs cases

Not long ago, the choices facing Robert and Julie Garrett would have been simpler. Once they set their hearts on adopting a child from China, the odds were high that they could soon bring home a healthy baby girl.

It’s different now. Faced with a long wait and smaller pool of healthy orphans available to foreigners, the Garretts have decided after much soul-searching to adopt one of the special-needs children now abound in China’s orphanages.

"It’s really hard, and we want to make the right choice," said Julie Garrett, of Gainesville, Ga.

The children’s conditions range widely. Some are correctible, some not: cleft lips and palates, heart disease, missing or malformed limbs, impaired vision or hearing.

"It’s important for us not to take on more than we can handle," Garrett said. "That process takes time – praying over it, discussing what medical needs you think you could take on."

Starting in the early 1990s, and as recently as a few years ago, the large majority of Chinese children adopted by foreigners were healthy baby girls abandoned by their parents, often because of a preference for a son in a country rigidly enforcing a one-child policy.

Between 1995 and 2005, Americans adopted more than 60,000 children from China. The peak was 7,903 in 2005.

Circumstances have changed dramatically since then. China has eased its one-child policy, fewer baby girls are abandoned, adoption of healthy orphans has increased, and the waiting time for foreigners to adopt a healthy infant has tripled to roughly four years.

As a result, US adoptions from China have dropped more than 60 percent, to 3,001 last year. And of the children now adopted, roughly three of every five have special medical needs.

Since it began encouraging international adoptions in the 1990s, China has won praise for striving to provide accurate information about the children in its orphanages. But as more children with complex medical conditions are put up for adoption, experts say there’s often less certainty about their prognosis.

收留健康中国小孩变难了

美国《纽约时报》3月28日文章,原题:从中国收留的小孩大多需要特殊照顾 不久前,加勒特夫妇面对的选择还容易得多。一旦决定从中国收留小孩,他们非常快就把一名健康女宝宝带回家的可能性非常大。但目前状况不同了。

因为长期的等待,且供外国人收留的健康孤儿较少,加勒特夫妇经过再三考虑后决定收留一名需要特殊照顾的小孩,中国孤儿院里目前有不少如此的小孩,健康情况千差万别。有的病症可以矫正,有的没办法医治:唇裂、先天性心脏病、四肢不全或畸形、弱视或听力低下。

从上世纪90年代初开始直到前几年,被外国人收留的中国小孩大都是被遗弃的健康女生,一般由于在这个计划生育政策严格的国家,大家更想要女生。1995年到2005年,美国人从中国收留的儿童超越6万,高峰期2005年达到7903名。从那时起,状况发生了戏剧性变化。中国放松了“只生一个娃”政策,被弃女宝宝数目降低,且国内收留健康孤儿的人增加,外国人收留健康婴儿的等待时间延长了3倍,几乎达到4年。

结果是美国从中国收留小孩的数目直线降低,幅度超越60%,去年只有3001名,且几乎每5个小孩中就有3名需要特殊医疗。导致这样的情况的一个原因是中国的生育缺点率。据称,从2001年到2006年,(中国)生育缺点率几乎上升了50%。

声明:本文内容由互联网用户自发贡献自行上传,本网站不拥有所有权,未作人工编辑处理,也不承担相关法律责任。如果您发现有涉嫌版权的内容,欢迎发送邮件至:qpkjz@qq.com 进行举报,并提供相关证据,工作人员会在5个工作日内联系你,一经查实,本站将立刻删除涉嫌侵权内容。