时间:2022-5-5 作者:哒哒在线少儿英语

In this April 18, 2011 file photo, a woman at a job fair in New York talks to an employer. For the first time, American women have passed men in gaining advanced college degrees as well as bachelor’s degrees, part of a trend that is helping redefine who goes off to work and who stays home with the kids.

For the first time, American women have passed men in gaining advanced college degrees as well as bachelor’s degrees, part of a trend that is helping redefine who goes off to work and who stays home with the kids.

Census figures released Tuesday highlight the latest education milestone for women, who began to exceed men in college enrollment in the early 1980s. The findings come amid record shares of women in the workplace and a steady decline in stay-at-home mothers.

The educational gains for women are giving them greater access to a wider range of jobs, contributing to a shift of traditional gender roles at home and work. Based on one demographer’s estimate, the number of stay-at-home dads who are the primary caregivers for their children reached nearly 2 million last year, or one in 15 fathers. The official census tallywas 154,000, based on a narrower definition that excludes those working part-time or looking for jobs.

"The gaps we’re seeing in bachelor’s and advanced degrees mean that women will be better protected against the next recession," said Mark Perry, an economics professor at the University of Michigan-Flint who is a visiting scholarat the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative think tank.

"Men now might be the ones more likely to be staying home, doing the more traditional child rearing," he said.

Among adults 25 and older, 10.6 million U.S. women have master’s degrees or higher, compared to 10.5 million men. Measured by shares, about 10.2 percent of women have advanced degrees compared to 10.9 percent of men — a gap steadily narrowing in recent years. Women still trailmen in professional subcategoriessuch as business, science and engineering.

When it comes to finishing college, roughly 20.1 million women have bachelor’s degrees, compared to nearly 18.7 million men — a gap of more than 1.4 million that has remained steady in recent years. Women first passed men in bachelor’s degrees in 1996.

Some researchers including Perry have dubbedthe current economic slump a "man-cession" because of the huge job losses in the male-dominated construction and manufacturing industries, which require less schooling. Measured by pay, women with full-time jobs now make 78.2 percent of what men earn, up from about 64 percent in 2000.




密歇根大学福林特校区的经济学教授马克 佩瑞说:“从男士和女人在获得学士学位和更高学位上的差距来看,女人在下一次经济危机中将更安全。”佩瑞是一位守旧派专家,目前在美国企业研究所做访问学者。






tally: a record of the number or amount of something, especially one that you can keep adding to(记录;积分表;账)

visiting scholar: 访问学者

trail: to be losing a game or other contest(在比赛或其他竞赛中)落后,失利,失败

subcategory: a secondary or subordinate category(子类别)

dub: to give somebody/something a particular name, often in a humorous or critical way(把……戏称为;给……起绰号)

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非谓语动词置于句首的倒装:有时为了强调,可将谓语部分的目前分词、过去分词或不定式置于句首,从而构成倒装。如:Buried in the sands was an ancient village. 一个古老的村庄被埋在这沙土之中。Standi