英语四级六级培训课程

英语视频听力:精神分裂症的症状

时间:2022-5-9 作者:旺旺英语学习网

Suppose, you are chatting with your friend in a park.

假设你正和你的朋友在公园里聊天。

He or she is talking about a topic you just cannot stand.

他或她正在谈论一个你根本无法理解的话题。

In fact, you are not even mentally present there and you are often not in touch with the reality.

事实上,你甚至在精神上都不在那里,你经常与现实脱节。

This may mean you may be suffering from a personality disorder, known as Schizophrenia.

这可能意味着你可能患有一种被称为精神分裂症的人格障碍。

Symptoms include catatonia, delusion, hallucinations, lack of hygiene awareness and much more.

症状包括紧张症、妄想症、幻觉、缺乏卫生意识等。

Schizophrenia is a personality disorder, which is more common in males than in females.

精神分裂症是一种人格障碍,男性比女性更常见。

A person with such a disorder may not care of his or her hygiene needs, for instance, rarely baths and does not care of his or her dental hygiene.

患有这种疾病的人可能不关心他或她的卫生需要,例如,很少洗澡,也不关心自己的牙齿卫生。

Another symptom, delusion, a person believes on unrealistic thoughts, and hallucinations is when a person sees or hears which does not exist.

另一个症状是妄想,相信不切实际的想法,而幻觉是看到或听到不存在的东西。

Another symptom, catatonia, is when the person does repetitive or purposeless overactivity as a result of his/ her disturbed mental state.

另一种症状是紧张症,是由于精神状态紊乱而导致的重复或无目的的过度活动。

Symptoms of Schizophrenia appear when one of the neural circuit situated in the midbrain, called Substantia nigra, over produce neurotransmitter called Dopamine and disrupts the balance between secretion of Dopamine and Acetylcholine.

当位于中脑的黑质神经回路产生过量多巴胺,并破坏多巴胺和乙酰胆碱分泌之间的平衡时,就会出现精神分裂症的症状。

The treatment of Schizophrenia includes medication anti-psychotic drugs, such as Risperidone, which stops the secretion of Dopamine.

精神分裂症的治疗包括药物治疗,如服用抑制多巴胺分泌的利培酮等抗精神病药物。

Physical exercise is necessary to reduce catatonic effects.

为了减少紧张症的影响,体育锻炼是必要的。

Still, more studies are needed to understand deeply the mechanism of a disease.

尽管如此,还需要更多的研究来深入了解疾病的机制。

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