英语四级六级培训课程

雅思写作出色开头介绍整理

时间:2022-5-10 作者:洪恩少儿英语

比如在写关于是否应该控烟的话题时,可以如此开头:A recent study conducted by Zhongshan University has

found that the number of smokers has been increasing sharply over the past five

years. Research findings also reveal that the incidence of smoking-related

conditions has soared. As a result, the ban on smoking has been in the

spotlight.

(中山大学近期做的一个研究表明,在过去五年里,抽烟人数急剧上升。研究结果同时显示,抽烟致使的疾病发病率也急剧增长。因此,控烟成为一个热门话题。这个开头通过媒体报道把问题呈目前读者面前,从而引出抽烟比率急剧上升导致的害处,引发读者考虑。

2. 提出有争议性的问题,激起读者兴趣,使其积极参与讨论

比如在写到警察是不是应该持枪这篇文章时作者说 If police in the U.K. are able to go without guns and

not have crime getting completely out of control then they have already set a

fine example that other countries should follow. The fact that they are able to

do this is an indication of their ability to control the flow of guns to the

general populace and this makes citizens safer than anything else. To a

civilian, taking guns away from criminals is more important than giving them to

police. 提出这个有争议的话题,激起读者的兴趣,使读者积极参与到讨论中来,让大伙各抒己见进行讨论。

3. 引起读者兴趣的话题

比如在写关于体罚的话题文章时,使用如此一个开头:It is reported that a boy in Zhuhai was beaten to

death by his father on Father’ Day. Ample evidence also shows that children who

are frequently abused by their parents or teachers tend to be introverted,

pessimistic, indifferent and even world-weary. Recently, there has arisen a

fierce argument on whether corporal punishment should be abolished. Teachers,

parents and experts take perse attitudes towards this

issue.(据报道,在父亲节节日那天,珠海有个小孩子被父亲打去世了。充分的证据也显示,常常遭爸爸妈妈或老师虐待的孩子总是比较内向、悲观、冷漠甚至厌世。近来,关于是不是应该废除体罚出现了一场激烈的争论,老师、家长和专家各执一词。)当读者看到这个话题时产生了浓厚的兴趣进而引起了对这件事情的考虑。

4. 呈现该话题正反方的看法

比如在写到男士和女人哪个可以做更好的爸爸妈妈时可以如此开头:At the mere mention of women governing the

world, most of us may naturally form an unrealistic picture of a more peaceful

world where the sun always shines. The other side of the picture, however, is

just to the opposite.

在开头提出两种不一样的看法,不一样的读者可以参考自己对问题的怎么看进行考虑,从而引发读者的探究心理,进一步考虑这个问题从而得出结论。

5. 引用名人名言、谚语等作为文章的开头

比如在写到先天跟后天哪一个更要紧时,“Genius is two percent inspiration and ninety-eight

percent perspiration” is the opinion held by Edison. This remark has been

confirmed time and again by more and more people.

“天才是百分之二的想法,百分之九十八的汗水”是爱迪生的看法,而且反复被愈加多的人所证实,通过引用名人名言揭示了文章的主题,为下文非常不错地做了铺垫。

6. 对将要讨论的话题进行概念

比如在写到Globalization时,Globalization-the international spread of products,

ideas and information-is bringing the world closer together. But globalization

is not a new concept. For thousands of years, nations have roamed the earth in

search of new markets and new sources of raw materials for their own

industries.

关于"全球化"这个名词,考生并很熟悉,但怎么样用适当的语言来赋予它一个含义,这并不是易事,上述的引言段就非常不错地做到了这一点,先是从字面上诠释了"全球化"的概念,进而又从实质生活角度赋予了它另外一层含义。

7. 追根溯源法

即从题目给出的话题中找出这个现象产生是什么原因来扩展背景句。这种办法合适大部分的话题。比如There are social, medical and

technical problems associated with the use of mobile phones. What forms do they

take? Do you a雅思e that the problems outweigh the benefits of mobile phone?

这个题目中给出的话题是mobile phone,

所以考生可以从它产生是什么原因来考虑,就是科技的兴盛,而科技的兴盛,手机的广泛用是在20世纪末,如此背景句就有内容可写了。当然要通过相应的句型来写,这个背景句就可以写成:The

late 20th century witnessed the boom of science and technology, which gave rise

to a series of technological innovations, including the mobile phone.

再譬如另外一道题目:Nowadays, some universities offer students skills that assist

them to find employment, but some people believe that the main function of a

university should be to provide students with access to knowledge for its sake.

What is your opinion?

这题需要大伙讨论大学是提供职业技能还是传授常识。从传统看法来看,大学是传授常识的地方,为何会提出要传授技能呢?所以这里考生也可以用追根溯源法考虑一下,大伙一定可以想到是因为找工作已经成为当今教育的目的之一了,所以不少大学就转移到以传授技能为主了。As

job-hunting has become one of the main purposes of university education, the

majority of the universities tend to offer vocational trainings to prepare the

students for their future career.

总之,写作就是通过语言表达你一个人的思想。这里面有两个要点:语言和思想,对于一篇成功的写作文章来讲,这两点缺一不可。以上是一些写作引言的办法供大伙参考。

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